Music is an art form and cultural activity in whose medium is silence and sound. The regular elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics (loudness and softness), and sonic chevy qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Diverse styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit many of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and with oral techniques starting from singing to rapping, and solely critical pieces, solely vocal bits (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment) and parts that incorporate singing and instruments. The term derives from Greek??????? (mousike; "art of the Muses"). In its most standard form, the activities conveying music as an skill form are the production of works of music (songs, tunes, symphonies, and so on), the criticism of music, the study of a history of music, and the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient greek terminology and Indian philosophers identified music as tones bought horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Prevalent sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres" and "it is music to my ears" point out the notion that music is often ordered and nice to hear. However, 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, saying, for example, "There is no noise, only sound. inch
The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of music differ according to culture and social context. Indeed, through history, some new varieties or styles of music have been criticized as "not being music", including Beethovens Grosse Fuge thread quartet in 1825, early jazz in the beginning of the 1900s and hardcore punk in the 1980s. Right now there are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for spiritual ceremonies and work music such as chanteys. Music ranges from strictly arranged compositions-such as Classical music symphonies from the 1700s and 1800s, through to spontaneously played improvisational music such as jazz, and avant-garde types of chance centered modern day music from twentieth and modern world.
Music can be split up into types (e. g., country music) and genres can be further divided into subgenres (e. g., country doldrums and pop country are two of the many country subgenres), although the dividing lines and interactions between music genres are often subtle, sometimes ready to accept personal interpretation, and from time to time controversial. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between some early 1980s hard rock and heavy metallic. Within the arts, music may be classified as a performing art, a fine art or as an auditory art. Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock show or orchestra performance, observed live as part of a dramatic work (a music theater show or opera), or it can be registered and paid attention to on a radio, MP3 player, COMPACT DISK player, Smartphone or within a film or TELEVISION show.
In lots of cultures, music is an important part of peoples way of life, as it performs a key role in religious rituals, transitional period ceremonies (e. g., graduating and marriage), social activities (e. g., dancing) and cultural activities ranging from amateur karaoke singing to playing in an newbie funk band or vocal singing in a residential area choir. People may make music as a hobby, for example, a teenager who plays cello in a youth orchestra, or by working as a professional musician or performer. The music industry includes the those who create new songs and musical bits, such as songwriters and composers; those who perform music, which include orchestra, blues band and rock music group musicians, singers and conductors; those who record music (music producers and sound engineers) and organize concert excursions; and the ones who sell songs and sheet music to customers.
In Greek mythology, the nine muses were the inspiration for many creative endeavors, including the artistry.
The word derives from Greek??????? (mousike; "art of the Muses"). In Greek mythology, the nine muses were the goddesses who inspired books, science, and home repair and who were the source of the knowledge embodied in the beautifully constructed wording, song-lyrics, and myths in the Greek culture. Regarding to the Online Etymological Dictionary, the term "music" is derived from "mid-13c., musike, from Old France musique (12c. ) and directly from Latin musica "the art of music, " also including poems (also [the] method to obtain Spanish musica, German musica, Old High A language like german mosica, German Musik, Nederlander muziek, Danish musik). inch This can be derived from the "... Greek mousike (techne) "(art) of the Muses, " from fem. of mousikos "pertaining to the Muses, " from Mousa "Muse" (see muse (n. )). Modern spelling [dates] from [the] 1630s. In classical Greece, [the term "music" refers to] any art in which the Muses presided, but especially music and lyric poetry. "
As a form of art or entertainment
Jean-Gabriel Ferlan performing at a 2008 concert at the coll? ge-lyc? e Saint-Fran? ois Xavier
Music is composed and performed for many purposes, which range from artistic pleasure, religious or ritual purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace. When music was only available through bed sheet music scores, such as during the Classical and Romantic eras, music enthusiasts would buy the printable music sheets of their favourite parts and songs so that they could perform them at home on the piano. With the creation of sound recording, records of popular songs, rather than sheet music became the dominant way that music lovers would enjoy their favourite songs. With the advent of home music recorders in the eighties and digital music in the 1990s, music fans will certainly make tapes or playlists with their favourite tracks and take the capsules with them on a lightweight cassette player or Mp3player. Several music lovers create mixture tapes of their the latest music, which serve as a "self-portrait, a gesture of friendship, prescription for an excellent party... [and] a place consisting solely of precisely what is most ardently loved. "
Amateur musicians compose and perform music because of their own pleasure, and derive their income elsewhere. Professional artists are employed by a range of institutions and organisations, including armed pushes (in marching bands, show bands and popular music groups), churches and synagogues, symphony orchestras, broadcasting or film production companies, and music schools. Professional music artists sometimes work as self employed or session musicians, seeking contracts and engagements in several settings. There are often many links between inexperienced and professional musicians. Starting amateur musicians take lessons with professional musicians. In community settings, advanced inexperienced musicians perform with professional musicians in a variety of ensembles such as community concert bands and community orchestras.
A difference is often made between music performed for a live audience and music that is performed in a studio so that it can be registered and distributed through the music retail system or maybe the broadcasting system. However, additionally, there are many cases where a live performance before an audience is also registered and distributed. Live conjunction recordings are popular in both classical music and popular music forms such as rock, where illegitimately taped live concerts are prized by music addicts. In the jam music group scene, live, improvised quickly pull sessions are preferred to studio recordings.
Key article: Musical composition
Persons composing music in 2013 using electronic keyboards and computers.
French Baroque music composer Michel Richard Delalande (1657-1726), pen in hands.
"Composition" is the action or practice of creating a song or other piece of music. In lots of cultures, including Western common music, the act of composing also includes the creation of music note, like a sheet music "score", which can then be performed by the composer or other singers or musicians. In popular music and traditional music, the act of composing, which is typically called songwriting, may require the creation of the basic outline of the track, called the lead bed sheet, which sets out the melody, lyrics and blend progression. In Classical music, the composer typically orchestrates her own compositions, however in musical theatre and in pop music, songwriters may hire an arranger to the actual orchestration. In some cases, a composer may well not use notation whatsoever, and instead compose the song in her brain and then play or record it from recollection. In jazz and popular music, notable recordings by influential performers are given the weight that written scores play in time-honored music.
Even if music is notated relatively precisely, as in traditional music, there are many decisions a performer has to make, because explication does not specify each of the elements of music accurately. The deciding how to perform music that has been previously composed and notated is termed "interpretation". Different performers interpretations of the identical work of music may vary widely, in conditions of the mouvements that are chosen and the playing or performing style or phrasing of the melodies. Composers and songwriters who present their own music are interpretation, just as much as those who perform the music of others. The conventional body of choices and techniques present at the time and a given place is known as performance practice, whereas interpretation is generally used to mean the individual choices of a performer.
Even though a musical composition often uses musical notation and has a single writer, this is not always the case. A work of music can have multiple composers, which often occurs in popular music when a band works to write a track. Some music can even be consisting with words, images, or computer programs that make clear or notate how the singer or musician should create musical sounds. Good examples of this cover anything from blowing wind chimes jingling in a breeze, to avant-garde music that uses graphic mention, to text compositions such as Aus den auslesen Tagen, to computer programs that select sounds for musical pieces. Music that produces heavy use of randomness and chance is called aleatoric music, and is associated with modern day composers active in the twentieth century, such as Ruben Cage, Morton Feldman, and Witold Lutos? awski.
Analysis of composition has customarily been dominated by review of methods and practice of Western classical music, however the definition of formula is broad enough the creation of popular and traditional music songs and instrumental pieces also to include spontaneously improvised works like those of free jazz music performers and African percussionists such as Ewe drummers.
Main article: Musical technology notation
Sheet music is written representation of music. This is a homorhythmic (i. e., hymn-style) layout of your traditional piece called "Adeste Fideles", in standard two-staff format for combined voices. About this audio Play (help? info)
Mention is the written appearance of music notes and rhythms in writing using symbols. When music is written down, the pitch and rhythm of the music is notated, along with instructions how to execute the music (e. g., about the tempo). The analysis of how to learn note involves music theory, tranquility, the study of performance practice, and occasionally an understanding of historical performance methods. Written notation differs with style and period of music. Notated music is produced as bed sheet music. To perform music from notation requires an understanding of both the rhythmic and pitch elements embodied in the signs and the performance practice that is associated with a piece of music or a genre. In improvisation, the performer often plays from music where the particular chord changes and form of the song are written, demanding a great understanding of the musics structure, a harmonious relationship and the types of a particular genre (e. g., jazz or country music). lirik dan chord